2015年抚顺市中考英语试题及答案

2015 年抚顺市初中毕业生学业考试 英 语 试 卷 ※ 考试时间 100 分钟 试卷满分 120 分 考生注意:请在答题卡各题目规定答题区域内作答,答在本试卷上无效。

第一部分 选择题 (共 50 分) Ⅰ.单项选择 (共 15 分,每小题 1 分) 从各题的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

1.The music class gives us a A. chance A. we A. if .— My friend A. visits A. look up — △ △ 2. We must learn to protect △ △ to know about music from all over the world. C. cause while playing sports. C. us △ C. when D. ourselves D. since you put your heart into it. D. check B. change B. our B. unless me next month. B. was visiting △ B. look at , thanks. I’m full. B. Both △ B. less △ be John’s. His is yellow. B. mustn’t △ so sweet. C. tastes C. have △ saying goodbye. C. after D. for D. smells D. correct B. sounds △ B. forget B. without C. can’t D. can C. None C. fewer D. Either D. lower pollution in the future because of the new law. C. will visit C. look after D. visited D. look like your pet cat when you go on a trip. 3. You can’t do anything successfully 4.. — Why are you so happy? 5. Don’t worry. I can help you 6..— Would you like some more carrots or tomatoes? A. Neither 7. I think there will be A. more — It A. must A. feels 10. If we A. make A. with 8. — Whose is that red coat? 9. What a beautiful song! It the mistakes, we will make progress step by step. 11. It’s impolite for a guest to leave 12. — Do you often swim there? 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 1 页 (共 13 页)

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— No. I A. seldom △ go there because the tickets are too expensive. B. always △ . B. when Mary bought the book D. how much Mary paid for the dress △ me. B. are friendly to D. are sorry for C. usually D. almost 13. — Please tell me — She bought it in that store. A. if Mary returned the book C. where Mary bought the dress 14. — How’s it going? — Pretty good. All my new classmates A. are angry with C. are hard on — △ . B. No problem C. Good luck D. That’s right 15. — What do you think of the life in the country? A. Wonderful Ⅱ.补全对话(共 5 分,每空 1 分) 从方框内所给的句子中选择恰当的句子完成下面的对话。

A: I’m hungry, Chen Nan. B: Me, too. 16 17 A: Good idea. What would you like to eat? B: Hmm… What about some noodles? A: Yes, I like them. But which restaurant can we go to? B: I hear that there is a new noodle house. The waiters there are all robots. A: Cool! 18 19 B: I don’t know. But we can phone to ask about it. A: We’d better not. A: All right. 20 B: OK. It’s not far. We can walk there. A. Do you like them? B. I want to have a try. C. We can go there in person to have a look. D. What’s the price of the noodles, do you know? E. Why don’t we get something to drink? F. Shall we get something to eat? G. Let’s go. Ⅲ . 完形填空 (共 10 分, 每 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 2 页 (共 13 页)

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空 1 分) 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。

Few words are spoken more often every day on the streets of Britain than “I’m sorry”. This sentence has become 21 common that it has had a lot of meanings. Sorry means to apologize (道歉). It’s 22 to understand. We learn it both as a mother language speaker and as a 23 . But in Britain, it has another meaning. It is a cultural expression. 24 this situation: a man walks down the street, looking down at his phone. A woman is walking in the opposite direction, towards the man. She sees him, 25 she can’t get out of the way in time. The man walks 26 the woman. Who should say sorry? Naturally, the man should say sorry, because he isn’t looking at 27 he is going. Yet in Britain, it is common for both to apologize. It is 28 that British people, like most people, do not enjoy conflict (冲突). So to calm (使镇定) the situation soon, British people will apologize to 29 . Sometimes it may sound funny to hear “sorry”. In Britain, sorry doesn’t always mean 30 what you think. Some of my friends say it at restaurants, as they ask the waiter, “Sorry, but can I order another drink?” It is not to apologize, but just to express that we need the waiter. 21. A. very B. such C. so D. too 22. A. easy B. difficult C. different D. interesting 23. A. neighbor B. customer C. writer D. foreigner 24. A. Explain B. Imagine C. Say D. Expect 25. A. as B. so C. but D. or 26. A. behind B. into C. around D. beside 27. A. where B. when C. why D. how 28. A. taught B. tested C. known D. told 29. A. another B. any other C. each other D. others 30. A. finally B. recently C. especially D. exactly Ⅳ.阅读理解(共 20 分,每小题 1 分) 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

Passage 1 What can little money do? It’s worth thinking it over. A few weeks ago, I got $120 from a friend in a Smile Group. He asked me to do good things with the money. Since then I have used the money to help strangers, and raised a lot of smiles. One day I was in a shop, looking at the second-hand books. It happened that the book shelves (架子) were next to the toy shelf. I noticed that a poorly dressed woman standing behind me. A little girl about 3 years old came over to the toy shelf. At once her attention was caught by a toy dog. She spoke to her mother and her mother asked the shop owner how much it cost. The answer was $3. Then she said “no”. The child said nothing. Maybe “no” was not new for her but she couldn’t keep the disappointment away from her face. I had a total of $5. I put the money in the mother ’s hand and said, “Buy her a book, too.” I didn’t wait to see the end. I walked out of the shop. The money the friend gave me was to help me find happiness in the world. Was there any better way to get so much happiness with so little money? 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 3 页 (共 13 页)

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31. The writer got △ from his friend a few weeks ago. A. little help B. some money C. book shelves D. a lot of smiles 32. The girl was interested in △ . A. a bookstore B. a toy dog C. toy shelves D. second-hand books 33. From Paragraph (段落) 3, we can learn that the mother △ . A. couldn’t afford the toy B. disliked the toy C. couldn’t stand the girl D. disliked the girl 34. We can infer (推断) the writer was △ after walking out of the shop. A. disappointed B. sad C. happy D. lonely 35. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. Money is happiness. B. It’s impossible to find happiness. C. Helping others can get happiness. D. We can’t get happiness with little money. Passage 2 What’s the final purpose of studying? “To use what you learn,” we are often told. Now students in Finland (芬兰) will get a taste of this in their new classes. It’s reported on March 26th that Finland worked out a new education plan. By 2016, classrooms will be turned into meeting rooms, students there will study topics (话题) they are interested in. For example, if the topic is about the European Union (EU 欧盟), teachers will show students the map of Europe, the place of the EU’s member countries and the weather there. Also, students will look further into the histories of these countries. Then another topic in classes is about “dining hall services”, students will play cashiers (收银员) to practice their math skills and learn different languages to serve foreign guests. They will also learn to better communicate with guests to make sure that they have a nice experience. All schools for students aged 7 to 16 will have at least one of these classes. They will be taught for several weeks a year or longer. The new teaching methods will help children prepare for the future with the skills that are needed for today and tomorrow. The changes clearly show growing calls ( 呼声 ) around the world for education to develop personalities ( 个性 ), communication skills, rather than just pushing children through “ exam factories ” . 36. The students in Finland will △ . A. try a new learning method B. clean the meeting rooms C. study what they aren’t interested in D. work out a new education plan 37. How many topics are given as examples? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four. 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 4 页 (共 13 页)

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38. The students can’t C. eat delicious food 39. The students aged A. 6 to 17 in Finland C. 6 to 17 in EU △ in the classes about “dining hall services”. B. learn different languages D. have a nice experience will take the new classes. B. 7 to 16 in Finland D. 7 to 16 in EU A. practice math skills △ 40. Which is not the purpose of the new teaching methods? A. To help students get ready for the future. B. To practice skills for today and tomorrow. C. To develop students’ personalities. D. To push children through “exam factories”. Passage 3 What do you think will happen when the traditional culture meet modern technology? Yes, the “dead” words become lively characters (人物) at once. How happy it is to enjoy these Chinese cartoons! Ma Liang is a poor boy who loves painting. He always uses his magic brush to fight against the bad people in the village. The cartoon The Magic Brush came out in 1955. A group of tadpoles (蝌蚪) are born. They try to find their mother that they have never seen. The story is very simple, but it needs complex technology to show the artistic style of ink ( 水墨 ) painting. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom was watched in 1961 first. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven (1961-1964) is China’s first color cartoon. It is from the Chinese novel Journey to the West. It’s successful. Not only we but also many westerners like the great monkey Sun Wukong. To beat two bad persons, an old man grows 7 calabashes ( 葫芦 ), and they change into 7 boys. They try their best to beat the bad. Calabash Brothers (1986) is a masterpiece ( 杰 作 ) of Chinese paper-cutting art. 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 5 页 (共 13 页)

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△ shows the artistic style of ink painting. A. The Magic Brush B. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom C. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven D. Calabash Brothers 42. What does the underlined (画线的) word “complex” mean in Chinese? A. 重复的 B. 复杂的 C. 杂乱的 D. 冗长的 43. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven is △ . A. the first film in China B. only loved by Chinese C. the first color cartoon in China D. loved by all the westerners 44. Which is true according to the passage? A. Ma Liang punished the villagers with his brush. B. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom came out in 1964. C. The Monkey King is from a Chinese novel. D. Calabash Brothers is from Chinese clay art. 45. From the passage, we can learn something about △ . A. famous people B. Chinese inventions C. traditional food D. Chinese cartoons Passage 4 41. Good news for kids in Nanjing! You can see the world’s biggest solar-powered(太阳能的) plane named Solar Impulse 2 (SI2). How different from other planes it is — without a drop of oil! Its power comes from the light of the sun. Early this March, it started its five-month world trip. In total, the plane will travel 35,000 kilometers and cross the whole world. Two pilots are driving the plane. The team hopes to improve green energy around the world. On March 22nd, the plane landed in Nanjing. It stayed there for one month. The stop in China is very important, because China is a big market for green energy technology. To welcome SI2, Nanjing Lukou International Airport built a special garage (飞机库) for it. The plane’s wings are the largest in the world, but the plane weighs only the same as a family car. There are 17,000 solar cells (太阳能电池) in the wings, they can provide energy for the flying. During the day, the solar cells change solar power into electricity (电) and make the plane fly all day and all night. It is not the first solar plane, however, it is the first plane that is able to cross the whole world. 46. The news is about A. solar power 47. The trip will last for A. one year C. five years △ . B. a solar-powered plane △ . B. five months D. one month 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 6 页 (共 13 页) C. a train D. sunlight

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